CONCEPTUL STUDY ON PARIKARTIKA
Keywords:Parikartika, Shoola, Acute Fissure-in-ano, Chronic Fissure-in-ano, Basti
The health of an individual depends solely on his diet and life style. Diet plays very important role in Parikartika(Fissure in ano) which is evident by references. The earliest reference of ‘Parikartika’is available from Sushrutha Samhitha (1500 B.C). Parikartika is referred in Brihatrayees not as an independent disease but as a complication of Bastikarma(Enema) and Virechana (purgation)vyapath.Parikartika is characterized by Kartanavat(cutting)and Chedanavat(pricking) shoola(pain) in Guda. Similarly Fissure-in-ano is also characterized by sharp cutting pain in anal region. In Parikartika, Teevra shoola, Piccha- are seen,similarly severe pain and slimy blood discharge are seen in Fissure-in-ano. Parikartika treated with internal medications and local applications formulated by using Ghritha(ghee) and taila(oil) Formulations. In Ayurvedic text no specific description available as a sequel of Parikartika but lots of references available with help of that we can compare Sentinel Piles with Ayurvedic pathogenesis. In Ayurvedic text information available on Shushkarsh(dry)Bahyarsh(externalpile), Vataj, Janmottar(Genetical)kalaj Arsha(as per time) can be correlated with Sentinel Pile.
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