APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY OF VATA DOSHA GUNA
Keywords:Shaman, Ruksha, Dosha, Guna
Background : Different patterns of Dosha guna were described by Charaka in Deerghajeevitiya, Vaatakalakaliya, Maharogadhyaya, Rogbhishagjeetiya as Vipareeta guna, Dwandwaja guna karya, viruddha guna, aatma guna and Prakriti. Vata guna are especially reviewed in above chapters to find the applied physiology related to it. Vata Dosha has ruksha (dry or rough), sheeta (cold), laghu (light),Vishada (clean), khara (rough like Teak leaves or sand paper), chala (always in motion having velocity) and sukshma (micro in size ) guna in general but in different chapters Charaka has mentioned some more gunas in different patterns and sequences. Physician should look after the applied aspect of vitiated Dosha guna in different context for the accuracy in the treatment protocol. Aim: To review the applied physiology related to Vata Dosha Guna. Material and Methods: Ayurveda Samhitas Charaka Samhita with Chakrapani critic, Shushrut Samhita with Dalhan critic Ashtanga Hrudaya With Hemadri and Arundutta critic Ayurvedic texts Shankar Ganesh Vartak- Dosha -Dhatu- Mala Vigyan, Ranjeetray Desai- Kriya Sharir, Ramaraksha Pathak- Kaya Chikitsa were reviewed. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov and other electronic media for Web based articles were browsed and reviewed. For Dosha Guna applied physiology and Panchbhautuk chikitsa Review results: The specific patterns of guna are the products of metabolic cycles (cheeyamaana or aapyamaana). They are continually metabolised and commonly participate in controlling the body. Brihana chikitsa applies to all Vata vriddhi conditions whereas snehana chikitsa applies as first line of treatment opposite to causative ruksha guna (hetuvipareet). Conclusion: Applied physiology related to Vata Dosha Guna narrated in different places in Samhita Granthas in the context of maintenance of life, maintenance of equilibrium, treating acute and chronic disorders in terms of guna vipareet chikitsa (treatment with opposite properties) which are vitiated in various patterns.
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