UNDERSTANDING THE CONCEPT OF SHAITHILYA AND ITS IMPORTANCE IN THE SAMPRAPTI – A REVIEW ARTICLE
Keywords:Anibidasamyogata, Nibidatva, Samhanana, Samprapti, Shaithilya, Structural deformity, Prameha
Ancient Samhitakaras have used the term ‘Shaithilya’ while explaining the Samprapti of various diseases. This term has also been mentioned while describing the Purvarupas, Lakshanas, Upadravas as well as Arishta Lakshanas of different Vyadhis or different conditions with more or less similarities. Basic knowledge of the term ‘Shaithilya’ is of prime importance for proper understanding of the respective Vyadhi. It is primarily structural deformity that ultimately hampers the normal functioning of body. It may be physiological or pathological in origin and may also be associated with Tridosha, Dhatu, Mala and Upadhatu also. In addition, the Samprapti of Vyadhis get differ by the Sharira Bhavapadarthas involved in the pathogenesis of Shaithilya which simultaneously lead to different modes of the treatment to be applied. Understanding of the exact pathogenesis of Vyadhi leads to proper and accurate selection of treatment protocols that may give positive outcome also. Hence the topic is selected in this review article to explore the concept of Shaithilya in relation with Samprapti, Purvarupas, Lakshanas, Upadravas and Arishta Lakshanas, its types along with the significance of its knowledge for the absolute comprehension of Vyadhis as stated by ancient Acharyas.
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