CONCEPTUAL STUDY ON VATAJA GRAHANI
Keywords:Grahani, vataja grahani nidana, samprapthi
Grahani retains the food till the food is fully digested and then passes it into pakwashaya. Grahani is seat of agni, functionally weak agni/hypofunctioning of agni causes improper digestion of ingested food and leads to grahani roga. Grahani roga’s pathogenesis revolves around agnidosha and these are inseparable. Thus an impairment of integrity of grahani may impair digestive function, state of agni and vice versa. It is an ahitashanajanya vyadi. Samprapthi takes place in two ways, one is due to abnormal function of avayava and other is due to agni dustikara ahara vihara. Acharya described 4 types of grahani dosha. Based on dosha predominant they are vataja, pittaja, kaphaja, sannipataja grahani. Each type of grahani dosha can be considerd as a separate vyadhi. In vataja grahani stool is drava, shushka, tanu and associated with ama. The pathological progression beginning from exposure to various etiological factors which leads to the vitiation particular guna of each dosha, thereby manifesting various symptoms. Samprapti vighatana is very much essential for finding the involvement nidanas in vataja grahani. In this article an attempt is made to evaluate the causative factors, pathogenesis as well as symptoms to understand vataja grahani in detail.
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